Organizational Structure With Impressive Types 100%

Know About Organizational Structure

What is an organizational structure?

Organizational Structure: Every organization must arrange its activities to achieve its goals. Organizational structure is the blueprint for this scheme. It is the way in which an organization is connected. Managers must have knowledge of the structure for various reasons. Knowledge about how organizations are put together helps managers to understand ‘the big picture’. Without any knowledge of structure, it is difficult to know how the human resources of an organization are deployed and where these resources are located, what information can be obtained from this and what contribution they can expect to make to the organization.

Organizational Structure provides instructions about the location of electricity and is an indicator of the management philosophy of a company. Structure must reflect and facilitate the achievement of the objectives of an organization. In short, a manager can better understand her own place in the structure of the whole by knowing something about structure.

When people think of the organizational structure, the hierarchy of authority and reporting relationships immediately comes into the picture in an organization chart, and sometimes who is responsible? Although this view of an organization is part of the structure, it is not the only aspect. An organization is formal structured with the help of many different formal structural elements. These elements are the basic building blocks of organizations, they are ways to create and express structure. Management uses them to establish the structure and can then be analyzed to determine the true structure of an organization, as opposed to the structure claimed by management.

Read also about: Leadership Definition

Organizational Structure: Some elements of the structure are static, that is, they reflect true on a continuum of choices. What choice will the organization make? These elements include characteristics such as size, hierarchy and centralization. If we look at these characteristics of an organization, however, the organization is only displayed at a certain moment. To provide descriptions that better match the fluid, changing entities that are organizations, a number of researchers have focused on organizations as networks of relationships that evolve over time. These studies reveal the dynamic elements of the structure of an organization structure as an expression of how people interact.

Types of organizational structure

An organizational structure characterizes how functions such as coordination, supervision and allocation are aimed at achieving organizational goals. It can also be considered as the perspective or sight glass through which employees view their company and the environment. A company can be structured in different ways, based on their objectives. The structure of a company would determine the methods by which it functions and works. Organizational structure enables the articulated delivery of responsibilities for different processes and functions to different entities such as workgroup, department, branch and individual.

Organization structure types

Establishing the any organizational structure may not match the formal facts that develop in operational action. Such a divergence diminishes performance, while growth, for example, a defective organizational structure can hamper collaboration and thereby hamper the completion of orders within a certain time and within the limits of budgets and resources. It must be possible to adapt organizational structures to the requirements of the process, aimed at maximizing the ratio between input and output and effort.

Hierarchical organization structure

The most common and effective form of organizational structure is formal hierarchical. This structure can be represented as a pyramid, with a single entity at the top, with subsequent levels of power below it. Each member of the pyramid only reports to his immediate subordinates or superiors, limiting the amount of communication overhead that can be seen as either an asset or a restriction. It is easy to see that where a formal hierarchical structure would be an effective solution; companies that have offices in different locations, a company that focuses on diversified markets, any organization that needs multiple levels of middle management.

Flat organizational structure

A flat organizational structure differs from a hierarchical one by almost completely abandoning middle management; instead of a pyramid there is a ‘flat’ layer between staff and managers. In concrete terms, this means that almost all employees are involved in the decision-making process and produce reports centrally – it can be seen as a typical democratic structure.

Pre-bureaucratic structures

Pre-bureaucratic structures require standardization of jobs. This structure is very common in less important organizations and is ideally used to solve simple tasks. The structure is fully localized. The tactical leader makes all important decisions and most communication takes place one on one. It is particularly useful for entrepreneurs because it allows the owner to manage development and growth.
Bureaucratic structures
Bureaucratic structures contain a certain level of standardization. They are ideally suited for large-scale or more complex organizations, which generally assume a high structure. The tension between non-bureaucratic and bureaucratic structures is reflected in Burns and Stalker’s inequality between organic and mechanistic structures.
The expression post-bureaucratic is used in two ways in the organization’s literature; a much more specific and a generic one. In generic logic, the term bureaucratic is often used to express a series of ideas that have been developed since the 1980s and which in particular contradict themselves with Weber’s ideal type bureaucracy. This may include matrix management, culture management and total quality management. However, everyone has left the central part of the bureaucracy behind. Hierarchies still exist, authority is still of the legal type and the company is still bound by rules.
Functional structure
The structure of formal and functional an organization is a structure that consists of working activities such as supervision, coordination and division of tasks. The all organizational structure consistently determines how the activities, achievements and goals of the organization take place. The structure of the expression organization relates to how the individual in a company is clustered and to whom they should report. A conventional means of organizing individuals is through function. Some common departmental activities in any company are marketing, human resources, production and accounting. (Organizational Structure)
Divisional structure
The product complete structure or division structure is a composition of a company or organization that splits the organization into a self-directed division. A division is self-focused and includes collections of functionalities that perform to generate a product. It also uses a plan to operate and compete as a separate profit or business center.
Matrix structure

The matrix structure called unites staff based on both products and functions. This structure can easily combine the most excellent of both different structures. A matrix company often uses groups of employees to perform work, to take advantage of power and to cover the weaknesses of decentralized and functional forms.

These two general views on the organizational structure are derived from slightly different premises and are not easy to integrate with each other. You could think of them as roughly analogous to photographic slides and films, slides are useful to show what a scene or person looks like at a single moment, and films show movement and change over time. That both views are important and useful is clear from the Westinghouse case that opened this chapter. Various static elements played a key role in the case, including size, hierarchy and formalization of key policies.

Organizational Structure: A number of different factors are determining factors for the structure that determine how these elements are used to structure the organization. These factors include goals, social habits and moral beliefs and values of the founders or the current environmental problems of managers and available technology. Once we know that the elements influence how these elements are combined in actual structures.

Our views on structure include the assumption that organizations have relatively impenetrable and easy-to-find boundaries. That means that you can easily distinguish the organization from the environment. This principle applies to most organizations today, but perhaps less true for tomorrow, when we may have to radically change our views on what structure is. In industrialized countries, we work quickly in a world where high-tech office management systems are used to complete and integrate the work.

It can be difficult, for example, to determine the limits of a bank if many of its administrative staff work at terminals at home and transfer their completed work to a central computer, if customers have access to the bank at home via ATMs and personal computers and if banking is deregulated in such a way that the dividing lines between banks and other financial institutions are blurred or erased.

In general, these are the types of organizational structures that are actively found in the current context.

Thanks for Reading about organizational structure

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button